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New RD Publication: The enhanced Forward Presence: innovating NATO’s deployment model for collective defence

  • 30 Oct. 2019
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  • Last updated: 30 Oct. 2019 17:14

NDC Policy Brief 22-19


The enhanced Forward Presence (eFP) is not merely a deterrence mechanism that relies on NATO’s reputation to guard the northeastern flank, but an innovative deployment model in response to the spectrum of emerging threats that confront the Alliance and its members.

On the one hand, the eFP enables select member states to support others, harnessing the economies and economics of an alliance with the legitimacy of a NATO mandate under circumstances where not all member states want to, or are able to, opt in; or when timelines are tighter than a fullfledged NATO mission could meet. On the other hand, the eFP’s potential for crisis management and security cooperation to address the spectrum of traditional and emerging threats identified in the Wales, Warsaw, and Brussels Summit communiqués is considerable: collective defence aside, the current eFP is already showing promise in areas such as building societal resilience and improved security cooperation among member states that are deploying and exercising together – but, in the case of the Baltic states, for instance, without a permanent US headquarters or operational presence.

*(back) Professor in Leadership at the Royal Military College of Canada. He was Eisenhower Fellow at the NATO Defense College from April to July 2019.
The views expressed in this NDC Policy Brief are the responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the NATO Defense College or NATO.

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